Pattern, process, and function in landscape ecology and. The most salient characteristics of landscape ecology are its emphasis on the patternprocess relationship and its focus on broadscale ecological and environmental issues. Modulespubpdffilesalterrarapportenalterrarapport487. Landscape ecology is the study of how landscape structure affects the abundance and distribution of organisms. Methodological and ideological options stated preference methods and landscape ecology indicators. Remote sensing and the future of landscape ecology biodiversos. Landscape ecology studies environmental complexity, con centrating mainly on. In response to these rapid developments, an updated edition of landscape ecology in theory and practice provides a synthetic overview of landscape ecology, including its development, the methods and techniques that are employed, the major questions addressed, and the insights that have been gained.
The book provides a conceptual framework and illustrates potential applications for methods such as pattern analysis, spatial statistics, fractals, spatial modelling, broad. Landscape ecology is an integrative and multidisciplinary science and principles and methods in landscape ecology reconciles the geological, botanical, zoological and human perspectives. Preliminary report on landscape pattern analysis state of. Nrs534 graduate seminar in the ecology of fragmented landscapes patterns and processes of fire regimes in landscape ecology fire is an important, natural process that shapes landscapes and is an integral component of an important pattern. A landscape ecology approach identifies important drivers of urban. Each technique is discussed in sufficient detail to be adaptable to a variety of research problems. A an urbanizing forest landscape, b a wetland landscape, c a sonoran desert landscape, and d a grassland landscape. A field method for landscape conservation surveying. Landscape ecoldgical analysis issues and applications with 69 illustrations springer 15 effective exercises in teaching landscape ecology scorr m. The effect of scale on these interactions in ecological system pattern and function. Quantitative methods in landscape ecology ecological studies. Furthermore, spatial data and spatial analysis core methods in landscape. We postulate, like moss 2000, that the future of landscape ecology lies in the understandingof how landscape pattern. Key issues and research priorities in landscape ecology.
Abstract cities are growing rapidly worldwide, yet a mechanistic understanding of the impact of urbanization on biodiversity is lacking. In czechoslovakia, for example, landscapelevel studies serve as a basis for determining the optimal uses of land across whole regions 1. How has the stateoftheart for quantification of landscape pattern. Features of the environment such as climate, soil and trees, determine the availability of land use options. The consequences of this patterning for the functioning of the ecological system. A practical toolbox for design and analysis of landscape. Only such indices enable a search for landscape persistence over time, which is a clue of the landscape dynamics analysis pontius, 2004. Quantitative methods in landscape ecology, together with geochemical and geophysical methods, become as one of the main methods of research in landscape ecology. Principles and methods in landscape ecology download. Current understanding of landscape ecology wiens 5 foundational concepts in landscape ecology landscape elements differ in quality patch boundaries influence ecological dynamics both within and among patches patch context is important connectivity is a key feature of landscape structure.
Quantitative methods for ecological network analysis and its. It has an intermediate position and plays an integrative part for a number of earth and natural science subjects. Stated preference methods and landscape ecology indicators. A practical toolbox for design and analysis of landscape genetics studies laurie a. Landscape ecology has made tremendous progress in recent decades, but as a rapidly developing discipline it is faced with new problems and challenges. Landscape ecology, as the name implies, is the study of landscapes. To identify the key issues and research priorities in landscape ecology, a special session entitled top 10 list for landscape ecology in the 21st century was organized at the 16th. Key topics in landscape ecology landscape ecology is a relatively new area of study, which aims to understand the pattern of interaction of biological and cultural communities within a landscape. Principles and methods in landscape ecology springerlink. Landscape ecology as a modern interdisciplinary science is making use increasingly of quantitative research techniques adopted from other fields.
Le was to understand the relationship among elements within a landscape, in terms of pattern and process, in a holistic fashion. Landscape ecology an overview sciencedirect topics. University of maryland center for environmental science, solomons, md. Key concepts and research topics in landscape ecology revisited. Introduced the term landscape ecology, motivated by aerial photography. In response to these rapid developments, an updated edition oflandscape ecology in theory and practice landscape ecology in theory and practice provides a synthetic overview of landscape ecology, including its development, the methods and techniques that are employed, the major questions addressed, and the insights that have been gained. These values can be calculated from a transition matrix between par. Participants learn theory, methods and tools to understand the landscapes we live in and to solve. Landscape ecology 173 ecology is well integrated into landuse planning and decisionmaking in europe e. Quantitative methods in landscape ecology is an important resource for researchers and students of landscape and ecosystem ecology in understanding and analyzing the. Gis is necessary due to the need to evaluate a large amount of spatial information such as land use information, habitat types, soil types and in order to overlay and intersect this information with other information, enabling the.
Communitybased ecological monitoring manual for practitioners. Current understanding of landscape ecology landscape ecology defined the patterning of ecological systems across space and how this changes over time. Analysis is a prerequisite step for any planning, but is ongoing as planning proceeds. Key concepts and research topics in landscape ecology. Landscape ecology in theory and practice pattern and process landscape ecology is not a distinct discipline or simply a branch of ecology, but rather is the synthetic intersection of many related disciplines that focus on the spatialtemporal pattern of the landscape. Gustafson north central forest experiment station, 5985 highwayk, rhinelander, wisconsin 5450191 28, usa abstract landscape ecology is based on the premise that there are strong links between ecological pattern and ecological function and process. Landscape ecology is the science of studying and improving the relationship between spatial pattern and ecological processes on a multitude of scales and organizational. Jan 01, 2001 landscape ecology in theory and practice book. Quantitative landscape ecology university of koblenz landau. Quantitative methods in landscape ecology is an important resource for researchers and students of landscape and ecosystem ecology in understanding and analyzing the dynamics of complex spatial systems. A conceptual and analytical framework for landscape ecology samuel a. Introduction to landscape ecology by kevin mcgarigal disclaimer. This important new workthe first of its kindfocuses on the distribution patterns of landscape elements or ecosystems.
The purpose of landscape analysis and planning landscape analysis and landscape planning are closely related and overlapping practices. The notion of spatial patchiness in landscape ecology le refers to the recognition. Scientists who study landscape ecology can measure things like the connectedness or fragmentation of areas of habitat. Application of quantitative methods in landscape ecology. According to wiens 2002a, all relevant concepts derived from landscape ecological theory can. Quantitative methods in landscape ecology ecological. Thus, a landscape is simply an area of land at any scale containing an interesting pattern that affects and is affected by an ecological process of interest.
Landscape ecology continues to grow as an exciting discipline with much to. It is an attempt dominant disciplines, such as landscape planning to reinforce the ecological research perspective, to and restoration, forest management, landscape consolidate principles and methods, validate proce architecture etc. Key research topics in landscape ecology include ecological flows in landscape mosaics e. In particular,new paradigms and theories such as percolation, metapopulation, hierarchies, sourcesink models have been integrated in this last edition with the recent theories on biocomplexity, information and cognitive sciences. Learning landscape ecology a practical guide to concepts and. Landscape analysis and planning summary a component of. Communitybased ecological monitoring manual for practitioners page 4 1. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext.
An example of transdisciplinarity in landscape economic valuation. Heterogeneity, scale, patternprocess relationships, hierarchy, disturbance, coupled ecologicalsocial dynamics, and sustainability are among the key concepts in landscape ecology. Bridging the gap between ecology and spatial planning in. Quantitative methods in landscape ecology the analysis and. Some of the material in this document was borrowed from turner et al. Although remote sensing data are widely employed in landscape ecology research, their. Introduction for most of the people in rural areas of developing countries, llife depends directly on the environment which surrounds them. Riverine landscape ecology is a relatively new and still small discipline within aquatic ecology, though it is based on the wellestablished field of terrestrial landscape ecology, which dates back to at least half a century forman and godron, 1986. Landscape ecology in theory and practice pattern and. An important assumption of many environmental decisions is that some patterns or combinations of land cover are optimal or more preferable to others.
Principles and methods of landscape ecology are intensively used to model and to manage disturbed landscapes and menaced pristine areas as well. Urban the development of landscape ecology and its many applications to land management created a need for courses that address both the conceptual. Studying patterns across space and time landscape ecology is the study of how the parts of an ecosystem relate to one another across space and time. Landscape ecology is one of the most rapidly developing fields of science. Includes over 1,200 references from current ecology, geography, forestry, and wildlife biologcy. Key topics in landscape ecology arizona state university. Riverine landscape ecology continues the success story of the landscape ecological framework focusing on the interface of terrestrial and aquatic systems ward et al. Quantitative methods in landscape ecology the analysis.1006 365 790 709 729 620 422 7 601 526 637 306 1104 1143 640 1334 162 296 228 697 367 1046 557 23 534 413 856 145 267 1470 551 195 404